Denmark is seen as the great wind power success story. But the number of ordinary Danes participating in the wind power sector actually decreased for many years.
In 2004, 100,000 Danish households owned shares in community wind power projects. 3,000 MW of wind turbines was installed by 2003 – double the target set by the Danish government for 2005.
After 2000, the Danish government tried to control rising wind power support costs through market disciplines. Fixed feed-in tariffs were replaced by renewable portfolio standards and supports that topped-up market prices for renewable energy. Restrictions on who could invest in wind power were relaxed. Instead, planning regulations were tightened to protect local interests.
Wind power development stalled. Between 2004 and 2006, less than 40 MW of new wind capacity was added in Denmark. Local opposition to proposed wind projects became stronger and more effective at a time when wind turbines were getting larger and more expensive.
In 2009, the government restored feed-in tariffs.
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