Understanding the efficiency of a PV system and the root cause of faults can contribute to the further development and implementation of PV systems worldwide.
The market for PV systems is rapidly and significantly expanding in an increasing number of countries.
Part 2 of energy-savings in the energy-intensive high temperature industry covers process utilities, motors & drives, and industrial buildings.
High temperature industries – such as iron and steel production, foundries and glass manufacturers – have intensive process operations which usually involve furnaces or kilns operating at 500°C or above. Faced with increasing pressure to cut costs and increase profits, companies in these industries are looking at ways to save energy to meet their financial goals.
Maybe we should forget about it and concentrate on offices and industry only? To be successful, won't Demand Response actions need to run automatically? Will this be too costly to implement for the very distributed, small-scale residential demand?
These questions were derived from the Leonardo ENERGY e-book Future Power Systems by UK consultant Stephen Browning.
With geothermal energy usage for both electricity generation and heating set to increase significantly, the world’s geothermal resources need to be used in a sustainable manner that is compatible with the well-being of future generations and the environment.
Geothermal is growing
According to the Annual U.S.
The high temperature industry is very energy intensive, so reducing energy consumption makes good business sense. In part 1 we look at furnaces, boilers, steam and process control. In part 2 we will cover process utilities, motors & drives, and industrial buildings. And in part 3 we will consider the innovative concept of electromagnetic processing of materials (EPM), which provides significant opportunities for saving primary energy and reducing carbon emissions in industrial thermal processes.
Saving an amount of energy equivalent to Germany’s annual electricity consumption might sound far-fetched. But it’s possible through the adoption of higher efficiency distribution transformers.
Distribution transformers are essential components on electricity’s long journey from the power station to the consumer. They reduce the high voltage of electric current from a power line to a lower voltage for use in industrial, commercial or domestic applications (Figure 1).