Thousands of schools throughout the world lack basic electrification and hence sub-optimal lighting, heating and modern teaching tools. However, planners, investors and policymakers have a number of tools available to improve energy for education.
Nearly 200 million children in the world attend primary schools that are not connected to any source of electricity. Included in this number are over 80% of the children in Sub-Saharan Africa, more than a quarter of village schools in India, and over half of Peruvian schools.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) is a big step in the right direction for improving the energy performance of EU’s building stock. However, as it looks today, it doesn’t grasp the cost-effective potential of building automation and controls.
The technical development and price reduction of PV panels has provided energy consumers with the opportunity to generate their own electricity at their own site in a relatively uncomplicated manner. For nearly decade, a growing number of innovative consumers have embraced this opportunity and became PV prosumers, meaning that they both produce and consume electricity.
For how much longer will coal have a seat around the European energy table? How might the coal-mining companies and regions throughout the EU transition to a post-coal economy?
The state of the industry
The European coal and lignite industry is not in a healthy state, with an unprecedented, six-year long market downturn. The market is oversupplied and prices have slumped to levels not seen since 2003. Coal production in Europe fell a further 3% in 2015.
A recent study suggests that instead of reducing GHG emissions, the use of biodiesel in transport could increase emissions by 4%. This is equivalent to putting an extra 12 million cars on the road in 2020
In 2009, the European Union launched an ambitious program to promote the use of renewable fuels in EU transport. By 2020, 10% of energy used in transport in each member state would have to be produced from renewable energy sources, such as biofuels, biogas, electricity or other renewable sources.
In October 2015 the Federal Cabinet (Bundeskabinett) of Germany approved a draft bill that gives priority to underground cables instead of overhead lines for new high voltage, direct current (HVDC) transmission lines. It paves the way for a faster grid expansion, and deals with concerns raised by residents in many places about overhead lines. In this article, we present our analysis of the expected impact of the German underground cable (UGC) legislation.