Electricity Systems for Hospitals

Given that the core business of a hospital is the welfare of its patients, it is easy to understand why the intricacies of electricity are not a high priority. However, ensuring patient welfare requires a huge variety of medical appliances, which in turn, require electricity. Electricity is therefore a vital utility and any malfunction or interruption can quickly lead to disastrous consequences.

This combination—being absolutely vital but far from the primary concern of the organization—entails a certain risk.

Standards and regulations prescribe how a hospital’s electrical installations should be conceived and installed to ensure safety and reliability. Those regulations are complemented by the prescriptions of the equipment manufacturers. All these rules, however, create a complex tangle of information for the user, often making it difficult to figure out which rule has to be applied where and exactly how it has to be implemented. In this tutorial, we will try to shed light on those regulations and give a comprehensive overview.

Once safety and reliability are taken care of, the focus can shift to energy efficiency. The fact that efficiency is only of secondary priority for a hospitals’ electrical installation does not mean its impact cannot be significant. By focusing on energy efficiency, hospitals can often make surprisingly large savings on the total cost of ownership (TCO) of their installations and thus on the cost of the medical aid they render. This paper addresses a few of the major energy efficiency topics relevant to medical building management.

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  • Discusses the standards and regulations to ensure safety and reliability of a hospital’s electrical installation.
  • Presents the major energy efficiency topics relevant to medical building management.
  • Suggests that hospitals can often make large savings on the Total Cost of Ownership of their installations.